Gascony, Guyenne, Basque France, Les Landes1770 Antonia Zatta Venice Map Maker
Gascony, Guyenne, Basque France, Les Landes1770 Antonia Zatta Venice Map Maker

Gascony, Guyenne, Basque France, Les Landes1770 Antonia Zatta Venice Map Maker

Gascony, Guyenne, Basque France, Les Landes1770 Antonia Zatta Venice Map Maker

Gascony, Guyenne, Basque France, Les Landes1770 Antonia Zatta Venice Map Maker

Gascony, Guyenne, Basque France, Les Landes1770 Antonia Zatta Venice Map Maker

Gascony, Guyenne, Basque France, Les Landes1770 Antonia Zatta Venice Map Maker

Gascony, Guyenne, Basque France, Les Landes1770 Antonia Zatta Venice Map Maker

Gascony, Guyenne, Basque France, Les Landes1770 Antonia Zatta Venice Map Maker

Gascony, Guyenne, Basque France, Les Landes1770 Antonia Zatta Venice Map Maker

Gascony, Guyenne, Basque France, Les Landes1770 Antonia Zatta Venice Map Maker

Gascony, Guyenne, Basque France, Les Landes1770 Antonia Zatta Venice Map Maker

Gascony, Guyenne, Basque France, Les Landes1770 Antonia Zatta Venice Map Maker

“A PERSPECTIVE ON BRITAIN AND EUROPE: TRAVEL WITH AN ANTIQUE OR VINTAGE MAP”. ONE OF A MOST IMPORTANT SERIES OF MAPS. AN ANTIQUE VENETIAN MAP OF. GASCONY- GUYENNE- BASQUE PROVINCES. Produced in 1770 at the presses of. Antonio Zatta in Venice. Con Privilegio dell Excellentisimo Senato. AN ANTIQUE COPPER PLATE ENGRAVING WITH HAND COLOUR. Perhaps that reference to the Excellentisimo Senatoi is a reference to the Doge, if a Doge still existed in 1770: otherwise it would be to the leader of the Venetian State Senate or the Senate itself. It does imply that the Venetian City State is still independent and not incorporated into a greater Italy. The Map is in two languages: The larger features tend to be in Italian, or perhaps Venetian, it Zatta was using the local language rather than a standard Italian. The smaller places which do not have a Venetian equivalent are named in French. The scale is given twice at the bottom in Common miles of Italy, of which there are 60 to a degree; and Common Leagues of France of which there are 25 to a degree. So a French Common league is 2.4 Common Italian miles. Miglia comuni dItalia di 60 al grado. Leghe comuni Francesidi 25 al grado. The full title is. DI BEARN E BASS NAVARRA. Con Privilegio dell Excellentissimo Senato. DI NUOVA PROJEZIONE- VENEZIA 1770. This is at the top right and it surrounded by a decorative border of vines and other fruits which are colour washed. The sea to the west is the Mare Guascogna. And in the south is the Frontiere di Spagna. North of the mapped area are the provinces of Sanintonge, Angoumois, Perigord. The Lot river flows in from the unmapped region in the east of the map. This is probably the same as today. Where as the provinces and regions of the main part of France are tinted in yellow, the three small provinces in the centre west are bordered in green. This might mean one of two things. Either these are the three basque Provinces of France: Bass Navarra, Soule and Bearn (sic); or it might be that the venetian State, perhaps with stronger relations with the Spanish state, did not fully accept these thee regions as part of France in 1770. On the coast of South West France is a small province called Labour and this runs up to the estuary on which Bayonna (Bayonne) and Biaritz are seen. Biaritz ids a small village or town, it must have become a large town due to tourism in the 19. Bayonne is a largish town. Looking east along the Monti Pirenei one sees the regions of Auzun, Barege, Le Ouattr, Arboust and Couserans. These are largely named after rivers and are generally prefixed with Val Del.. In the east the Sorgente Della Garonna: the sources of the Garonne are seen in Spanish territory, an enclave of Spain running deeply into French territory: I do not think the modern border is like this. There is no sign of Andorra on this map. In the south west is a reference to ancient History- Roncevaux o Roncisvalle. This was the Pass where Roland was ambushed by the Basques or Moors and died having blown his horn to summon aid from Charlemagne. It is a famous episode in the Song of Roland and would have been as well known to Venetians as Homer, Virgil or Dante. The Garrone begins is Spain, defines the eastern edge of this mapped region and then cuts north west across Guyenne to the Garonne Gironde Estuary in a region called here Guyenna Propria. The main river running due west is the Adour, heading for the sea and Bayonne and a tributary of it is the Larroe. Other SUB PROVINCES OR REGIONS ARE NAMED AS. Nebouzan, Starac or Estarac, Armagnac, Lomagne, Agenois, Gavre, Le Lande (Les Landes), Bourdelois, Bazado, Condomois, Medoc. Looking at Medoc, and trying to equate the names on this map with modern wine producing regions: one sees Mageaux and Margeaux, the River Medoc (a tributary of the Garonne), Cussac, S. Emilion, Savingnac: but not many others which obviously equate to modern Appellation regions. The coast of Les Landes is mapped as a series of lagoons within dunes- 15 perhaps and a large island is seen in an inlet of Archacan. The edges are marked off in degrees Gradi of which the latitudes are from the Equator and standard, but the longitude degrees are 16 in the west and 19 in the east. So the 0 degree meridian is 16 degrees west of this map out in the Atlantic. It is not Greenwich, perhaps it is the meridian o Madeira which was preferred by Dutch navigators. The four cardinal points of the compass are: Ouest o Ponente; Sud or Mezzodi; Est o Levante; Nord o Tramontana: This seems to mean South or midday; east or sunrise; west or sunset???? North and across the mountains?? The map is folded horizontally once, the paper is antique and tram lined and faintly water marked. The plate marks are clear on all four times and about a cm out from the edge of the map. At top right is the number C. IV which is either 104 or C 4. This probably related to the famous atlas published by Antonio Zatta which was called Atlante Novissimo which was one of the most famous of ancient atlases in 4 volumes. I think this map is interesting because it is a much more local region than many in his oeuvre: compare this region, for example, with another Eastern Europe. Being an important region for wines and spirits and other commodities, and transport into Spain, perhaps the Venetians were more interested in Gascony and Guyenne than they would other regions. This map is roughly 20 inches high and 14 inches wide, so I assume it was tipped into a folio which was itself 10 inches by 14 inches as a bound item. OLDMAPSHOP: IS MY SOURCE ONLINE FOR MAP & CARTOGRAPHIC HISTORY. TITLE : LI GOVERNI DI GUYENNA E GUASCOGNA CON QUELLO DI BEARN E BASS NAVARRA DI NUOVA PROJEZIONE- VENEZIA 1770. EDITION : MAYBE ONCE TIPPED INTO HIS FAMOUS ATLANTE NOVISSIMO. PRINTING PROCESS : COPPER PLATE ENGRAVING WITH IMPRESS MARKS VISIBLE. SCALE : ABOUT 15 ITALIAN MINES TO THE INCH OR ABOUT 6 FRENCH COMMON LEAGUES TO THE INCH. GRID : DEGREES OF LATITUDE AND LONGITUDE WITH UNUSUAL LONGITUDE MERIDIAN OUT TO THE WEST. OVERALL DIMENSIONS : about 20 INCHES BY 14 INCHES. COVER DIMENSIONS : no cover. COVER DETAIL : no cover. COVER CONDITION : no cover. MAP PAPER OR LINEN BACKED : on paper, TRAM LINED AND ANTIQUE, INDISTINCT WATER MARK. FOLD WEAR: NO, PAPER TAB ON THE VERSO. HOLES AT FOLD JUNCTIONS : no. INTEREST : considerable: France south west mapped in Italian or Venetian language and French. Wine growing region near Bordeaux, Bayonne, Pyrenees, Roncheval, Basque provinces differentiated from rest of France, Border differences in places, original antique copper plate engraving with some water colour wash. GENERAL CONDITION : complete: good, remarkable survivor? Stitch holes; Tab on veso probably where once tipped into Atlante Novissimo. THE NORTH WEST OF THIS MAP IS AT : M are di Guascona off Gironde mouth. THE NORTH EAST OF THIS MAP IS AT : Title or Perigord which is not mapped. THE SOUTH EAST OF THIS MAP IS AT : Couserans district or province. T HE SOUTH WEST OF THIS MAP IS AT : Frontiere di Spagna (Spanish Fontier) or Bass Navarra. THE CENTRE OF THIS MAP IS AT : Marsan or Armagnac. The item “GASCONY, GUYENNE, BASQUE FRANCE, LES LANDES1770 ANTONIA ZATTA VENICE MAP MAKER” is in sale since Tuesday, July 2, 2019. This item is in the category “Antiques\Maps, Atlases & Globes\Europe Maps”. The seller is “chapelstile” and is located in Redhill. This item can be shipped worldwide.
  • County: GASCONY
  • Cartographer/Publisher: ANTONIO ZATTA FROM VENEZIA
  • Printing Technique: COPPER PLATE ENGRAVING
  • Original/Reproduction: Antique Original
  • VENETIAN 18TH CENTURY CARTOGRAPHY: GASCONY AND BASQUE REGION FRANCE
  • Format: SHEET, 1 FOLD ANTIQUE COPPER PLATE AND WASH
  • ANTIQUE- PYRENEES, BASQUE LANDS RONCEVAL: RARE VENETIAN PERIOD MAPPING- ANTONIO ZATTA
  • Type: ANTIGUE VENETIAN MAP OF FRANCE
  • Year: 1770
  • Date Range: 1770 ON PLATE
  • City: BORDEAUX, BAYONNE, BIARITZ, BLAYE
  • Country/Region: VENECIAN MAPPING
  • State: GYENNE, GASCONY, BASQUE COUNTRY
  • Era: 18TH CENTURY VENICE MAPPING FRANCE
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