1624 (1594) ORTELIUS Map FRANCE OF JULIUS CAESAR’S TIME Gaul of the Roman Empire
1624 (1594) ORTELIUS Map FRANCE OF JULIUS CAESAR'S TIME Gaul of the Roman Empire

49 x 39 cm copperplate engraving, 52 x 41.5 cm sheet size, modern hand colour, Antwerp, engraved 1594, printed 1624. This example of “historical cartography” was presented in the Parergon section of the Theatrum , and Ortelius based the content of the map mainly on the writings of Julius Caesar, Pliny, Strabo and other classical authors. On the title page of the Parergon section of the atlas, Ortelius notes that these historical maps “are published separately from the Theatrum , where places are shown as they are in the present day” and that he includes them as a supplement at the instigation of friends. ” No matter the self-effacing introduction, it is evident that Ortelius put far more personal effort into the maps of the Parergon than the “present day maps of the Theatrum which in most cases were entirely composed by other cartographers. Beautifully engraved with two handsome cartouches, ships and elegant calligraphy, all enhanced by superb hand colour work this wonderfully decorative map will make an elegant presentation if matted and framed. Note that cities are given in Latin form, e. To get a sense of map detail consider that the distance from Lyon (Lugdunum) to Marseille (Massilia) as seen in the enlarged photo below measures just 8 cm actual size. The handsome dedication cartouche is to the Burgemeesters Eduard van der Dilft and Charles Malinaeus – note ornate calligraphy for “Greater Germany”. Map presents an ornate title cartouche with boldly engraved pictorial topography for Pyrenees, but here in the lower left corner of the imprint we find an anomaly unique to this example of the map – the plate or the paper obviously shifted ever so slightly during the printing process creating a slight “out of focus” double strike, but only in this small corner of the imprint. Note the calligraphy for “Hispaniae Pars” below the cartouche – the double strike is quite evident. The area affected is solely in the lower left corner of the map, representing less than 10% of the image area and in no way affecting eligibility – the remainder of the map is a crisp and precise imprint. If nothing else it is a reminder that Ortelius map were indeed hand made individual works of art, and this highly unusual printing miscue provides this example something a unique cachet. Lutetia (Paris) had a population of around 8000 under Roman rule – note pictorial “forests” and meticulous hand colour work for tiny “towns”. The Latin text on verso is a fascinating document in and of itself, and is notable as the most extensive commentary Ortelius ever wrote for a single map – representative excerpts presented below are derived from the 1606 English edition published in London. Diodorus and Strabo affirm them to be sharpe witted and not without some smattering of knowledge of learning, so likewise doth Symmachus who commendeth their studies in good letters. Polybius more maliciously bent against them is not ashamed to say that they neither apply themselves to learning nor to any manner of trade. But hear now what Hirtius reporteth of them: They be plaine dealing men and no way deceitfull or spiteful. Is it not for this cause, do you think that they are called Simplices or simple, or of dull wit, blockish and affecting a certaine kind of clownishnesse? But on the contrary side harke what Lucius FLorus writeth: Let no man call the French fierce or stout for they are crafty fellows and can do what they intend very politickly. Is this true or false? Or did they learn it afterwards from the Romans? There was such plenty of of vines that Columella doth as it were complaine that the Italians did lay up their vintage here, and Plutarch recordeth that they did use to send to Rome from Vienna in France that wine which had a kind of taste of pitch and was called Vinum Picatum as soone as it began to be in request there. Therefore I would gladly understand what Vopiscus and Eusebius should meane when they deliver that the Emperor Probus was the first that granted the Gauls to plant and set vines. Shall any man thinke that until his time there were nor vines in any part of France, saving only in Provence? Yet Pliny maketh mention of the vine of Berrie likewise of the wine of Auvergne. I must confess my shallowness of understanding herein. Julian the Emperor writes in his Misopogones mention of an excellent wine produced in his day near Paris, and Isidorus commends the wines of Berrie… Their swords were very long and without points. Livy writes that they did offer up in triumph the spoiles of dead bodies and the head being cut off from the body in their temple, which is held in great reverence amongst them. Afterwards the head being cleansed as is their manner, they gild the skull and that they esteem for a holy vessell wherein they drinke at solemn feats and sacrifices. And this is the cup of the Priests and rulers of the temple. Whereupon Silius writes: But this vile custome to the Celtes observe: The heads from carcass of their foes to pull, Which set in gold most curiously they carve, And instead of cups do from it quaff. Condition – Please note carefully: M ap is in overall excellent condition as can be ascertained from photos, strong impression with distinct platemark, good quality laid paper, fine hand colour work, image area essentially pristine, somewhat close trim to left and bottom margins. As noted in detail above, an unusual double strike printing miscue is present in a small area of the lower left corner of the map. Small bit of material candle wax? Present on verso and outline visible on recto in map border at lower right. Two trivial chips to top margin edge reinforced with acid free tape on verso Overall a very well preserved example of a beautifully designed map that will that will make a fine presentation if matted and framed. Welcome and we encourage you to visit our other auctions. Such charges are typically collected by the courier, e. Personal cheques will not be accepted. In response to frequent inquiries, please be advised that the terms. An image printed on a sheet of paper, and that all such items are unconditionally guaranteed to be original and authentic – we never offer reproductions. Please see our glossary. We conduct our business in accordance with the Code of Ethics. Some to beautify their halls, parlours and chambers… Maps begin as dreams, pass through a finite life in the world, and resume as dreams again.. Maps and Atlases Globes and Planetaria Historic Town Views and Plans Engravings, Woodcuts and Lithographs Books and Ephemera Scientific Instruments Curiosities and Oddities. The item “1624 (1594) ORTELIUS Map FRANCE OF JULIUS CAESAR’S TIME Gaul of the Roman Empire” is in sale since Wednesday, February 27, 2013. This item is in the category “Antiques\Maps, Atlases & Globes\Europe Maps”. The seller is “regiomontanus” and is located in Indianapolis, Indiana. This item can be shipped to United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, Sweden, South Korea, Indonesia, Taiwan, South africa, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Russian federation, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi arabia, Ukraine, United arab emirates, Qatar, Kuwait, Bahrain, Croatia, Malaysia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa rica, Panama, Trinidad and tobago, Guatemala, Honduras, Jamaica, China, Thailand, Barbados, Bangladesh, Bermuda, Brunei darussalam, Bolivia, Ecuador, Egypt, French guiana, Guernsey, Gibraltar, Guadeloupe, Iceland, Jersey, Jordan, Cambodia, Cayman islands, Liechtenstein, Sri lanka, Luxembourg, Monaco, Macao, Martinique, Maldives, Nicaragua, Oman, Peru, Pakistan, Paraguay, Reunion.
  • Condition: Used
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